IMODIUM® 2 mg
(and dosage form)
IMODIUM® 2 mg
Each tablet contains 2 mg loperamide hydrochloride.
A.11.9 Medicines acting on gastro-intestinal tract. Antidiarrhoeals.
IMODIUM inhibits hypermotility by direct action on the bowel wall. Its inhibition of peristalsis is the result of decreasing the activity of both the longitudinal muscles (preparatory and reflex phases) and the circular muscles (reflex phase).
IMODIUM normalizes the stool in both acute and chronic diarrhoea.
IMODIUM is incompletely absorbed from the gut, and it is almost completely metabolized in the liver where it is conjugated and excreted via the bile. IMODIUM is mainly eliminated via the faeces.
Adults and children 6 years and older: IMODIUM is indicated for the control and symptomatic relief of acute and chronic nonspecific diarrhoea and inhibition of peristalsis and slowing intestinal transit time in patients with ileostomies, colostomies and other intestinal resections.
Children below 6 years of age: IMODIUM is indicated for inhibition of peristalsis and slowing intestinal transit time.
IMODIUM is contra-indicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to the medicine.
IMODIUM is contra-indicated in infants under 24 months of age.
Since treatment of diarrhoea with IMODIUM is only symptomatic, diarrhoea should be treated causally, whenever causal treatment is available. IMODIUM should not be used as the primary therapy in acute dysentery, which is characterised by blood in stools and high fever.
IMODIUM must not be used in patients with acute ulcerative colitis or pseudomembranous colitis associated with broad spectrum antibiotics. In general, IMODIUM should not be used when inhibition of peristalsis is to be avoided and must be discontinued promptly if constipation, abdominal distension or symptoms and signs suggestive of ileus develop. Loperamide administration may precipitate toxic megacolon in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
The safety of use during pregnancy and lactation has not been established.
DOSAGE AND DIRECTIONS FOR USE
IMODIUM should not be used in infants under 2 years. The tablets, however, are not suited for children under 6 years of age.
Acute non-specific diarrhoea:
For adults and children of 6 years and older: 2 tablets (adults) or 1 tablet (children) as an initial dose followed by 1 tablet after each subsequent loose stool.
Do not exceed the following maximum daily dosages.
Important: As soon as diarrhoea is under control, stop dosage.
|WEIGHT IN KILOGRAMS (kg)
||MAXIMUM DAILY DOSE|
| from 14 kg
|| 2 tablets|
| from 20 kg
|| 3 tablets|
| from 27 kg
|| 4 tablets|
| from 34 kg
|| 5 tablets|
| from 40 kg
|| 6 tablets|
| from 47 kg
|| 7 tablets|
| from 54 kg
|| 8 tablets|
In acute diarrhoea, if clinical improvement is not observed within 48 hours, the administration of IMODIUM should be discontinued and patients should be advised to consult their doctor.
Chronic non-specific diarrhoea (consult your doctor):
With individually adjusted dosage it is usually possible to obtain a virtually normal bowel movement.
The initial dose is 2 tablets daily for adults and 1 tablet daily for children of 6 years and over.
The initial dose should be adjusted until 1 - 2 solid stools per day are obtained. This is usually achieved on a maintenance dose of 1 - 6 tablets.
If constipation occurs, the dosage should be decreased.
SIDE-EFFECTS AND SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
Reversible paralytic ileus may occur.
Constipation and or abdominal distension, dry mouth, abdominal pain or discomfort and other gastro-intestinal disturbances, (eg. nausea and vomiting), drowsiness or dizziness and fatigue may occur. Urinary retention has been reported less frequently.
Hypersensitivity reactions such as skin rash and urticaria and less frequently cases of anaphylactic shock and bullous eruption including Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis. Other medications may have caused or contributed to some of these cases.
In patients with diarrhoea, especially in infants, fluid and electrolyte depletion may occur. In such cases administration of appropriate fluid and electrolyte replacement (oral rehydration therapy [ORT]) is the most important measure. IMODIUM should not be given to children less than 6 years of age without medical prescription and supervision.
IMODIUM is not recommended for routine use in acute or chronic diarrhoea in children under the age of 6 years.
Patients with hepatic dysfunction should be monitored closely for signs of central nervous system toxicity because of the high first-pass metabolism.
KNOWN SYMPTOMS OF OVERDOSAGE AND PARTICULARS OF ITS TREATMENT
Overdosage (including relative overdosage due to hepatic dysfunction) may lead to constipation, urinary retention, ileus and depression of the central nervous system (e.g. stupor, coordination abnormality, somnolence, miosis, muscular hypertonia, respiratory depression). Children may be more sensitive to central nervous system effects of loperamide than adults. Convulsions have been reported in children under the age of 2 years.
Excessive inhibition of peristalsis with nausea and dryness of the mouth.
Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Naloxone can be given as an antidote. Since the duration of action of IMODIUM is longer than that of naloxone (1 to 3 hours) repeated treatment with naloxone may be indicated. Therefore, the patient should be monitored closely for at least 48 hours in order to detect possible central nervous system depression.
Round, white, odourless, biconvex tablet engraved JANSSENon the one side and Iabove 2on the reverse side.
Cartons containing one or more blister packs of 6 tablets each.
Store below 25°C. Protect from light.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
NAME AND BUSINESS ADDRESS OF THE APPLICANT
Janssen Pharmaceutica (Pty) Ltd.
(Reg. No. 1980/11122/07)
Halfway House 1685.
© JANSSEN PHARMACEUTICA (Pty) Ltd. SOUTH AFRICA
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THIS PACKAGE INSERT
19 July 2002
Code No.: 024293 2002I
Updated on this site: March 2004
Source: Pharmaceutical Industry
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