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Logo LENNON LACTULOSE PEACH (SOLUTION)

SCHEDULING STATUS:
S0

PROPRIETARY NAME
(and dosage form):

LENNON LACTULOSE PEACH (SOLUTION)

COMPOSITION:
Each 5 mL LENNON LACTULOSE PEACH contains 6,640 g
lactulose solution (66% w/v), equivalent to 3,250 g lactulose anhydrous.

PHARMACOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION:
A 11.5 Laxatives.

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION:
LACTULOSE produces an osmotic effect in the colon resulting from biodegradation by colonic, bacterial flora into lactic, formic and acetic acid.
Lactulose reduces intestinal absorption of ammonia.
Pharmacokinetics:
Lactulose passes almost completely unabsorbed from the gastro-intestinal tract and essentially unchanged into the large intestine where it is metabolised by saccharolytic bacteria mainly into lactic acid and small amounts of acetic and formic acids. Urinary excretion of unchanged lactulose has been reported to be 3% or less.

INDICATIONS:
Constipation.
Hepatic encephalopathy.
Chronic portal hypertension.

CONTRA-INDICATIONS:
Lactulose is contra-indicated in:
Patients with cramps, colic, nausea, vomiting, or any undiagnosed abdominal conditions.
Patients on galactose-free diets.
Undiagnosed rectal bleeding.
Congestive heart failure or hypertension.
Diabetes mellitus.
Hypersensitivity to the ingredient.

WARNINGS:
Lactulose should not be given to children up to 6 years of age unless prescribed by a physician. Since children are not able to describe their symptoms precisely, proper diagnosis should precede the use of a laxative. This will avoid the complication of an existing condition (e.g. appendicitis) or the appearance of more severe side effects.

INTERACTIONS:
Chronic use or overuse of lactulose may reduce serum potassium concentrations by promoting excessive potassium loss from the intestinal tract and may interfere with potassium-retaining effects of potassium-sparing diuretics.

PREGNANCY AND LACTATION:
The safety in pregnancy and lactation has not been established.

DOSAGE AND DIRECTIONS FOR USE:
1. For treatment of constipation
Dosages can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Initially, a large dose is taken followed by a reduced maintenance dose after the first three days of treatment. Only one daily dose is necessary, preferably in the morning.
Initial dosage
Adults
15 –30 mL
Children 6 - 12 years
15 –20 mL
Children 1 - 5 years
10 mL
Infants less than 1 year excluding the neonates
5 mL

Maintenance dosage
Adults
10 –15 mL
Children 6 - 12 years
10 –15 mL
Children 1 - 5 years
5 - 10 mL
Infants less than 1 year excluding the neonates
2,5 - 5 mL

2. Management of hepatic encephalopathy
Initial dosage
30 - 50 mL 3 times daily; this dose is subsequently adjusted to produce 2 to 3 soft stools each day.

SIDE EFFECTS AND SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS:
Side effects:
Less frequently occuring:
Gastro-intestinal disorders
Bloating
Cramping
Nausea
Diarrhoea
Gas formation
Increased thirst

Special precautions:
Lactulose should not be given to patients with intestinal obstruction.
It should not be used by patients on a low-galactose diet
Care should also be taken in patients with a lactose intolerance or in diabetics because of the presence of some free galactose and lactose.

KNOWN SYMPTOMS OF OVERDOSAGE AND PARTICULARS OF ITS TREATMENT:
Prolonged use or excessive dosage may result in diarrhoea with excessive loss of water and electrolytes particularly potassium. It may also result in hypernatraemia and exacerbation of hepatic encephalopathy.
Treatment should be symptomatic and supportive.

IDENTIFICATION:
LENNON LACTULOSE PEACH is a clear, viscous, colourless or pale brownish-yellow liquid.

PRESENTATION:
LENNON LACTULOSE PEACH is packed in the following containers :
200 mL, amber, PVC, medical, round, bottle with white, low density polyethylene (LDPE), snap cap and/or 2,5L, green, high density polyethylene (HDPE), plastican, tamper-evident with a white, polypropylene, 38 mm cap.

STORAGE INSTRUCTIONS:
Store below 25°C in a well-closed container.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

REGISTRATION NUMBER:
39/11.5/0260

NAME AND BUSINESS ADDRESS OF THE HOLDER OF THE CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION:
PHARMACARE LIMITED
Building 12
Healthcare Park
Woodlands Drive
Woodmead

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE PACKAGE INSERT:
4 March 2005

Updated on this site: October 2007
Source: Pharmaceutical Industry

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