ANOMALY IN THE OLIVIER FAMILY
b5 Cornelis bap. 27.2.1689 x 22.11.1699 Anna Catharina Rielman
Cornelia would have been ten or at the most eleven years old and the marriage of
so young a child for whatever reason would not have been countenanced by the
gentlemen of the Huwelikshof. A search through the proceedings of the Council of
Policy (C.A. C3) and those of the Court of Justice (C.A. CJ3) found no record of
special permission for this marriage nor was a reference found in the
proceedings of the Orphan Chamber. Kerkraad Notule for the period 1694 to 1719
are missing and could not be consulted.
Hoge and Redelinghuys cite Cornelis Hendrikszoon baptized in 1679 as the groom
but the marriage register of 1699 (VC 604) clearly states that 'Cornelis
Ockersz, jongman' married Anna Rigman.
Both Hoge and Redelinghuys cite Cornelis Hendrikszoon baptized in 1679 as the groom but the marriage register of 1699 (VC 604) clearly states that 'Cornelis Ockersz, jongman' married Anna Rigman.
Drakenstein: Cornelis Ockersz and Anna C v. d. Weij, I son,
2 daughters. 1709
Cape District: Two Cornelis Oliviers both single.
Verveij, widow of Hendrik Olivier, in her will made in 1718 (MOOC 7/1/6 No.
121), mentioned all her children except Cornelis and Ocker who presumably died
before she made the will, so it is likely that one of the young men who died in
1713 was Cornelis Hendrikszoon Olivier. On 8.10.1714 a piece of land in
Drakenstein was granted to Anna Rigman van der Weij, widow of Cornelis
Ockerszoon (Resoluten Vol. 6 p. 25). Her husband was thus the second man
reported dead in the Monsterrol of 1713.
opgaafrol for the Cape District 1719 lists Cornelis Ockersz as single and in
1721 as married with no children. He is also named as an heir in the inventory
of Aletta Olivier's estate dated May 1721, and must be the Cornelis Ockersz
baptized in 1699. It is clear that there were three Cornelis Oliviers at the
Cape between 1709 and 1713, one of whom married Anna van der Weij.
Catrijn daughter of Johannes Rykman van Weij and Maria Matyssen was baptized on
15.9.1686. The Journal of the Orphan Chamber 1698 (MOOC 18/1) gives an account
of monies held in trust for 'De Weeskinders van vrijburgeresse Maria Mattyse'
Johanna and Anna van der Weij and Maria Eli. In 1699 (MOOC 511) the Orphan
Masters report a request for her hand in marriage.
die mogen trouwen:
versoek van vrijburger Cornelis Ockerszoon om met het weesdogterje Anna Rigman
in den egten staat te mogen treeden aangesien dat sij al bij de 14 jaren oud is
en de persoon voomaamt in staat is om het dogtertje te kunnen onderhouden.
22.11.1699 (VC 604) they were married and on 21.12.1699 Cornelis Ockersz signed
a receipt (with an X) on behalf of 'mijn huisvrouw Anna Rigman van Weij' for
personal effects left her by her mother Maria Mathysse Eli 'voortijds huisvrouw
van Johannes Rigman, baastuijnier'. Anna's husband must have been about 25 years
old and therefore born before Ocker Cornelisz Olivier married Aletta Verwey in
arrived at the Cape in 1671 and worked as a 'knegt' for Willem Willemse of
Deventer, who, in 1672, shot a hottentot, and escaped to Holland in a Danish
ship. He returned in 1673 but was not allowed to land and was sent to Robben
Island pending a decision by the Heere XVII.
In September 1675 an ailing Willem was allowed to seek a cure on the
mainland and found two extra children in his family, fathered by Ockert
Cornelisz. He took his wife to court accusing her of 'lichtvaardige gedrag' and
worse, and so fighting mad were the contestants in the case that the Court of
Justice decided to send them to Batavia in separate ships. However, by 1676 they
were somewhat reconciled and sailed off in the same ship, leaving behind Dina
and Cornelis who, by order of Court, were left in the care of their maternal
grandfather, Jan Coenraad Visser. Their father, Ocker Cornelisz, to be
responsible for their support. (Resoluten Vol. 1. p. 346, Vol. 2. pp. 147, 148,
194. Leibbrandts Journal 1671 to 1674 pp. 140, 141, 227, 250, 308 and Familia
No. 1 1981 p. 8).
Cornelis, children of Ocker and Maria Visser were born between 1672 and 1675 and
it is this Cornelis who married Anna van Weij in 1699. Neither Aletta nor
Beatrix nor indeed any of the Olivers attended the baptisms of Cornelis's
children. They were not mentioned in Aletta's will nor in the will of Tryntje
Gansevanger, Aletta's mother, who left considerable sums to her daughters and
thorough search through baptismal and marriage records revealed some new facts
and a revised family register is given below:
Hendrik Cornelis van Ouwerkerk vrijburger alhier x 30.5.1677 Beatrix
Gysbertsz, jongdame van Woerden.
opgaafrol Cape District 1725 he is listed as single and owned De Rustplaats,
Riebeeck Kasteel in partnership with brother Gerridt. (Resol. Vol. 7 p. 158)
died in 1746 predeceased by his wife. Owned De Rustplaats and Kelderfontein,
Riebeecks Kasteel. Was in partnership with cousin Dirk. (MOOC 8/6 No. 124)
v. d. Westhuizen's will, dated 2.7.1759 (CJ 2615 No. 48), lists all eight
children. She owned Westerdal, Tygerberg and Welvergenoegd, Swartland and left a
Olivier (the name Olivier first appears in an Opgaafrol in 1692) was one of the
ten best farmers who were permitted to buy a slave each on 1.4.1677 (Resol. Vol.
11) When he died he left land on the Liesbeek_ rivier described as 'onbebouwd'
aan de Ruyterstal valleij, a farm on the Tygerberg, cattle, sheep and nearly IO
000 gulden. The farm Clara Anna Fontein on the Tygerberg was granted to Beatrix
Verveij, widow Olivier, in 1702 and grazing rights in Land van Waveren in 1708.
In addition to bequests to her children she left 50 gulden to the poor of the
town. She died in 1741 (MOOC 8/6 No. 63)
Ocker Comelisz vryburger, jongman x 5.2.1679 Alitie Vermoly van Woerden.
will dated 16.5.1736 (C.J. 2607 No. 38) lists all children accept Ocker, Pieter
and Aletta. (Nicolas signed with X.)
baptismal entry found for b5 but she fits into the gap between b4 and b6 and
would then have been 20 years old when she married. She is mentioned in her
mother's will and in that of her maternal grandmother Tryntje Gansevanger, widow
of Gijsbert Verweij. The opgaafrol for 1695 supports the contention that she was
born about 1687 as it lists 4 sons and 5 daughters for Ocker and Aletta.
Catarina b3 and Hilletie made their 'attestaten' together (VC 603), so they must
have been fairly close in age.
Loubser died 1717 (MOOC 8/3 No. 63). Hilletje, widow of Jan Mostert, was granted
Stellenberg on the Tygerberg on 26.4.1736. Jan died in 1729 (Resol. Vol. 9. p.
is no record of his marriage in
Cape Town Registers and marriages
between 1720 and 1725 are missing from the marriage register, Paarl (VC 6 5 4).
He is listed in 1719 opgaafrol as
single and in that of 1721 as
married with no children, but does
not appear again after 1721. Baptismal registers Cape Town, Paarl and
Stellenbosch have no record of children born to Cornelis.
Anna (Johanna) date illegible 1691 (VC 632) x 30.10.1718 Paul Artois.
died 1741 (MOOC 8/6 No. 45) and Paul married Maria Mariek in 1742. (VC 621)
cl Aletta bap. 25.5.1721 (VC
605) x 2.9.1742 Lodewyk Hansen. (MOOC 7/l/15 No. 27)
Artois died 1759 and mentions only Aletta, Elizabeth and Barend, son of Maria
Mariek, in his will. (MOOC 7/l/15 No. 27)
Jan (Johannes) bap. 8.11.1692 died before 1721 (cf. mother's will). Appears in
opgaafrolle 1712 and 1719 as single.
Dirk bap. 5.9.1694 died 1734 (MOOC 8/5 No. II 3). In opgaafrol 1731 is listed
'Elizabethsfontein' and 'Vrolijkheid' over de Olifantsrivier. In partnership with his
Aeltie (Aletta) bap. 26.8.1695 x 22.9.1720 Michiel Africanus Heyns (VC
621) xx 29.7.1736 Matthys Sondag (VC 621)
Heyns died in 1735.
Geertruy bap. 9.11.1698 x 2.4.1724 (VC 621)
4.5.1760 Tobias and Geertruy made a will (MOOC 7/i/15 No. 32) which mentions only 3 children: Aletta Loos, Johanna Meyboom
and Ocker. Tobias died 1764 and
Geertruy in 1777 (Resolusies Vol. 9 p. 273)
Hendrik bap. 21.11.1700 x 21.5.1724 Maria Vivie (VC 639)
Hendrik died in Waveren
1725 (MOOC 8/4 No. 99) Maria remarried Willem v. d. Vijver.
cl Aletta bap. 15.7.1725 (VC 644) x Jan Viljoen
inventory of Aletta Vervey's estate dated May 1721 (MOOC 8/4
Nos 67, 68) mentions all children except Gijsbert, Cornelia and Jan.
She owned the farms Hoogebergsvalleij (sold to Claas v. d. Westhuizen),
Kleine Stinkrivier, which was granted to her in 1720 (C.F. Resol. Vol.
2 p. 344) and an opstal in Roodezand called Vrolijkheid. She ran a
considerable establishment assisted by twelve slaves and made wine as a
'parshuis' is listed in the inventory of her estate.
Gansevanger was a remarkable and enterprising woman and a
most successful farmer. She made sure her children were literate _
Aletta and Beatrix both wrote a good hand, but Hendrik and Ocker signed documents with a cross. Both Beatrix and Aletta saw to
it that their children, too, were
literate and both women kept up and expanded
their farming operations after their husbands died.
Ocker Cornelisz Olivier and Maria Visser wife of Willem Willemse.
b1 Kina born 1672/73 x Hans Jacobus Brits
c1 Maria ? x Stephanus Fouch6 (MOOC 8/6 No. IO)
She died 1738 leaving three children. Lived on Knollvalleij, 'aan de Breederivier'.
a.o.d1 Philip Arnoldus bap.19.10.1731, sponsors
d2 Dirkje bap. 3.8.1734, sponsor Anna v. d. Weij
Johannes died 1764 (MOCC 7/l/15 No. 54). Cecilia died 1781 on the farm of her son Stephanus:
Klipfontein, Prinsekraal, Waveren. (MOOC 8/18 No. 5) Johannes farmed
'Over de Olifantsrivier'.
c3 Catarina bap. 3 0.12.1708 (VC 63 2) x Arnoldus Johannes Basson
(VC 632) xx 2.12.1742 Pieter du Plessis (VC 654)
Basson died 1742 leaving three children. They
lived on Vrolykheid, Roodezand and owned Misgund aan de
Waagenboornsrivier and Uijtnood aan de Kijsersrivier. (MOOC 8/6 No. 88)
c4 Sara bap. 15.7.1711 (VC 632) x 19.6.1729
The Inventory of Cornelis Olivier's estate (MOOC 8/2 No. 1 19) lists four minor children. Anna van Weij made a will in 1724 before her marriage to Joost Bevernagie in which all four children appear. When Joost died in 1738 (MOOC 7/l/6 No. 22) he left money to his stepdaughter Catarina Olivier, wife of A. J. Basson, and to his wife, his 'woonplaats' Rietvalleij at Waveren. On 30.6.1742 Anna van Weij married for a third time to Herman Stokvliet (VC 654). She owned the farm 'Hasekraal aan de Bergrivier' (granted 1714 Resol. Vol. 6 p. 25). Cornelis Olivier could not write, nor could his wife, Anna. Daughter Catarina Basson signed inventory of her husband's estate with an X.
All references are from Cape Archives. The registers used were Verbatim
copies housed in Cape Archives.
marriage registers 1720_1725 are missing. Possibly
the marriages of Anna v.d. Weij to Bevernagie and Cornelis Ockerzoon Olivier
were recorded during this period. Also baptisms 1708 and 1709 are missing from
Resolusies van die Politieke Raad: S. A. Argiefstukke published by
Archives Commission 1857 to 1984.
De Villiers/Pama: Geslagsregisters van die ou Kaapse Families. Cape
J. Hoge: Bydraes tot Genealogie van die Afrikaner Families. Amsterdam
J. H. Redelinghuys: Die Afrikaner_familienaamboek. Cape Town 195 5.