Ch Wolfpack Northwind of Tigara
Bred by C. De Villiers
Owned By S. Kranz & C De Villiers


I am sure you  have heard about  Mendel. All  his theories about dominant  and  recessive   you can see when you  are breeding dogs.

I will  give you an example.  In Holland there is a  black Doberman and  he has mated  many bitches :   All his  offspring  is black.   Now you know he is homozygote for black.    When  you cross two black Dobermans,  it is possible  that you get four colours  : black, brown, blue and  sable.    Then you know one of  the parents is homozygote for black, brown x brown gives always brown or sable,  for brown is a recessive colour and does not  ‘ hide’ any other colour.

Sometimes we make rules and say : it is not allowed to use a stud  who give monorchide puppies.  This is not realistic as the mother is responsible for  monorchide  or cryptorchide  offspring.

People  always give the fault to the father and that  is  not correct, both  parents are responsible for the good and the bad points.

When you want to be a breeder of course you start with an excellent  bitch, now you can  do the following.

1/  You can use a dog for stud who is not related to your bitch.
This is called an  OUTCROSS..  Most people make an outcross to get a special quality point that  the bitch does not have.  you must look at the offspring of the male,  if they have this quality point,  there is a possibility that your puppies can also get it.  But you  can never be sure.  Realise that  a  champion mated by a champion does not automatically produce a champion.  Of course a champion  is  a good dog,  but is he also a good producer?  That is a question of  dominant and recessive. When you are lucky with an outcross and there are good results, that means good puppies,  you can  repeat this combination.  The results prove that the dog and the bitch are complementary to each  other .  Do not  base your opinion on one champion in the  litter but on the  average value of the whole litter,  that  must be  of high quality.

2/  The next thing you can do is line-breeding.  LINE-BREEDING  is when you breed with animals who are family of each other. Then you can expect that dogs that look like  each other ( phenotype) also have the same genotype ( heredity qualities).  Now you must try to fix the good points and exterminate the bad  points.

There is a Doberman breeder in Holland who breeds with line breeding.  Her dogs have the most
beautiful heads I have ever seen. This point  is fixed very well  in her breeding.   In each country  I
can see which dogs are of her breeding.  In Holland we have many good Bouvier  breeders. There  are some lines that give beautiful head types and other lines give good size with strong bone.  I  must say that these people are breeding for 20 years or more. They know exactly what they are  doing.

3/  Some words about  INBREEDING.  Inbreeding  is the mating of closely related family. Like :  father x daughter, mother   x son, half brother x half sister, brother x sister.  It is the most difficult  but also the most dangerous way of breeding.
Inbreeding  is the way to fix traits in a family.  It is a way of  bringing out the objectionable  recessive traits  so  they may be  eliminated.
Inbreeding fixes the  good and the bad   qualities in his breeding. Only a breeder who  has  a lot of  experience and a deep responsibility can use this way of breeding.

Before  you go into  breeding talk with a good breeder and   ask him or her for advice.  Buy some good books on  breeding, they will help  ( “ How to breed dogs “ by Leon  Whitney )  I wish you lots of success!!

 Ilona Onstenk-Schenk