Eco Travel Africa Guide to accommodations, adventures, African safaris, eco-tourism tours, wildlife, maps and routes

Guide to the tree species of Southern Africa

Delagoa Thorn - Acacia welwitschii
Travel Writer: EcoTravel Africa  

Mimosaceae - Thorn-Tree family
SA Tree no 163

Photographer: EcoTravel Africa 

Normally occurring in low altitude woodland and on brackish flats. It has a single, crooked trunk, growing up to 12 m in height and is a low-branching thorn tree with typical Acacia leaves, flowers, pods and hooked thorns.

Prominent white twigs are visible through the foliage. The bark is coarse and fissured, light grey in colour, with yellow grooves that run lengthwise. (smooth, mottled grey-green and brown, or dark and rough??)

Links with animals - This is the favourite food of the giraffe.

Human uses - none

Gardening - This is not an attractive garden plant, and would need specific clay soils to grow well. It is a slow growing tree, but can be grown from seed. While is is fairly drought resistant, it is sensitive to low temperatures.

Leaves - Compound, with a pair of leaflets at the top of each feather, opposite, elliptic with a smooth margin. Medium to big for an Acacia. (2 - 5 feather pairs, 40 mm;
8 pairs of leaflets each 7 x 4 mm) Apex rounded or even slightly notched, base almost syminetric. Petiole with a conspicuous gland near the base.

Flowers - White flowers spikes are normally only visible at the top of the canopy from November to January. (70 x 10 mm)

Pods - Narrow, long, flat, bean-like pods change from deep wine-red to purple-green and finally to brown-black when ripe. They are usually only visible at the top of the tree, as those lower down are eaten. Ripening time is late autumn and winter, March to July. (80 - 110 mm)

Thorns - Pairs of hooked, dark thorns are fairly close to one another.

Best places to see the Delagoa Thorn in Southern Africa:

The Delagoa Thorn is found in the Kruger National Park in the Delagoa Thorn Thickets ecozone.

Tree species of Southern Africa    >> Printable Tree List <<  
South African Trees    >> Printable Tree List <<
The Plant Kingdom (Plantae)
Wildlife - Fauna & Flora of Southern Africa

<<< Back to previous page <<<

Learn more about the Delagoa Thorn - Acacia welwitschii with Wildlife Campus. Course content includes in-depth information about Delagoa Thorn habitat, distribution, ecology...

Wildlife Campus offers many courses including: Field Guide Courses (FGASA); Game Ranging; Wildlife Management; Photography; Astronomy...

Southern Africa has many top Game / Nature Reserves, and is home to many of the mammals of southern Africa. Numerous wildlife safari and tour companies operate guided tours to Southern Africa. Popular adventure travel activities in Southern Africa include: horse riding safaris, elephant back safaris, mountain biking, birding, wilderness walking trails, science safaris and volunteering especially for GAP year students.
Southern Africa Wildlife - Fauna & Flora
Amphibians Ecology
Birds Trees
Fishes Shrubs
Mammals Grasses
Reptiles : Snakes Herbaceous Plants
Invertebrates Fungi : Mushrooms
Copyright Information: The travel information, images and, landscape, safari lodge and wildlife photographs on this Delagoa Thorn page are the © of Eco Travel Africa and the Travel Writers / Photographers. Royalty Free Images and Photos of African wildlife, including Delagoa Thorn of Southern Africa are available on this website.