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Guide to the mammal species of Southern Africa

Impala - Aepyceros melampus
Travel Writer: EcoTravel Africa  

Impala are one of the most beautiful and graceful of the antelopes, with their shiny reddish coats and long slender legs. This bronzed prancer of the wild has the grace of a ballet dancer and, with its elegant, bounding leaps is capable of clearing heights of three metres and distances of up to 12 m at a time.

Photographer: EcoTravel Africa 

Alert and extremely elusive, this gentle, fox-coloured antelope will let out a quick, high-pitched snort when alarmed, taking off with astonishing leaps over long grass, bushes and small trees.

They are associated with woodland, as adequate cover is essential to them. Impala are mixed feeders, as they graze and browse, depending on food availability. Impala are gregarious, and usually form herds of 6 - 20, or, they may form herds of several hundred, especially in winter.

During the mating season from January to May intense rivalry builds up between Impala males, and, with loud snorts and grunts, they will resort to threatening displays, horn-thrusting, and, occasionally, fatal duels with each other. Those males that are not old enough to defend territories form bachelor herds. Single young are born, usually in early summer: all of the impala young are born within a period of a few weeks, the timing varying with the locality.

Impala lambs are able to join their mothers in the herd within two days of birth, which favours their chances of eluding predators such as lions, leopards, cheetahs, wild dogs and hyaenas.

Impala are the most common antelope in the Kruger National Park and are found in large herds, particularly south of the Sabie River.

More facts about Impalas

Best places to see the Impala in Southern Africa:

Kruger National Park (South Africa)
Pilanesberg National Park (South Africa)
Hluhluwe-Umfolozi National Park
Tembe Elephant Park

Mammals of Southern Africa    >> Printable List <<
Wildlife - Fauna & Flora of Southern Africa

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Learn more about the Impala - Aepyceros melampus with Wildlife Campus. Course content includes in-depth information about Impala habitat, spoor, droppings, ecology...

Wildlife Campus offers many courses including: Field Guide Courses (FGASA); Game Ranging; Wildlife Management; Photography; Astronomy...

Southern Africa has many top Game / Nature Reserves, and is home to many of the mammals of southern Africa. Numerous wildlife safari and tour companies operate guided tours to Southern Africa. Popular adventure travel activities in Southern Africa include: horse riding safaris, elephant back safaris, mountain biking, birding, wilderness walking trails, science safaris and volunteering especially for GAP year students.
Southern Africa Wildlife - Fauna & Flora
Amphibians Ecology
Birds Trees
Fishes Shrubs
Mammals Grasses
Reptiles : Snakes Herbaceous Plants
Invertebrates Fungi : Mushrooms
Copyright Information: The travel information, images and, landscape, safari lodge and wildlife photographs on this Impala page are the © of Eco Travel Africa and the Travel Writers / Photographers. Royalty Free Images and Photos of African wildlife, including Impala of Southern Africa are available on this website.